Dry mouth: Causes and symptoms of dry mouth

Causes and symptoms of dry mouth

Dry mouth refers to a condition in which the salivary glands in your mouth do not produce enough saliva to keep your mouth wet. Dry mouth is often due to the side effect of certain medications or aging issues or as a result of radiation therapy for cancer. Less often, dry mouth may be caused by a condition that directly affects the salivary glands. Decreased saliva and dry mouth can range from being merely a nuisance to something which has a major impact on your general health and the health of your teeth and gums, as well as your appetite and enjoyment of food. In this section, we will discuss the causes of dry mouth and symptoms of dry mouth.

Causes of dry mouth

There are different types of problems and factors which cause dry mouth and we will discuss them in detail:

  • Medications:

Many medications and over-the-counter medications sometimes cause dry mouth.

  • Aging:

Many older people experience dry mouth as they age.

  • Cancer therapy:

Chemotherapy drugs can change the nature of the saliva and the amount produced. This condition can be temporary or permanent.

  • Nerve damage:

An injury or surgery that causes nerve damage to your head and neck area can result in dry mouth.

  • Other health conditions:

Dry mouth can be due to certain health conditions such as diabetes, yeast infection, and stroke. Snoring or breathing with your mouth open can also contribute to dry mouth.

  • Tobacco and alcohol use:

Drinking alcohol and smoking or chewing tobacco can increase dry mouth symptoms.

  • Recreational drug use:

Methamphetamine use can cause severe dry mouth and cause damage to teeth, condition known as “meth mouth”. Marijuana can also cause dry mouth.

These are some causes which can result in dry mouth.

Symptoms of dry mouth:

Some of the signs and symptoms of dry mouth are:

  • Dryness or a feeling of sickness in your mouth
  • Saliva that seems thick and stringy
  • Bad breath
  • Difficulty chewing, speaking, and swallowing
  • Dry or sore throat and hoarseness
  • Dry or grooved tongue
  • A changed sense of taste
  • Problems wearing dentures

These are the signs and symptoms of dry mouth.

In this section, until now, we have discussed the causes and symptoms of dry mouth. For more beauty and health-related tips, follow this section closely.