Osteosarcoma is the most common type of bone cancer, which begins in cells that form bones. In very rare cases, it occurs in soft tissues outside the bone. Osteosarcoma is most often found in the long bones-more often the legs, but sometimes the arms-but it can start in any of the parts of the body. It mostly tends to occur in teenagers and young adults, but it can also occur in younger children and older adults. Treatment usually involves chemotherapy and surgery. Radiation therapy is however not at all effective in this case however proton beam therapy is recently being studied. Treatment for osteosarcoma has greatly improved in all the years. The outlook and treatment decisions depend on where the osteosarcoma starts, tumor size, the type and grade of osteosarcoma. After completion of the treatment, people need lifelong monitoring for potential late effects of intense chemotherapy. In this section, we are going to discuss the causes and symptoms of osteosarcoma.
Causes of osteosarcoma:
The cause of osteosarcoma is not clear however, there are some factors which may increase the risk:
- Previous treatment with radiation therapy
- Certain inherited or genetic conditions, including hereditary retinoblastoma, bloom syndrome, Li-Fraumeni syndrome, Rothmund-Thomson syndrome, Diamond-Blackfan anemia, Paget’s disease, and Werner syndrome.
So, these are some potential causes of osteosarcoma and risk factors of osteosarcoma.
Symptoms of osteosarcoma:
Some of the signs and symptoms of osteosarcoma include:
- Swelling near a bone
- Bone or joint pain
- Bone injury or bone break for no clear reason
Sometimes, these symptoms may get confused with other health symptoms such as sports injury so there is a delay in diagnosing the disease.
These are some of the signs and symptoms of osteosarcoma.
We have until now discussed the causes and symptoms of osteosarcoma. In the later section, we will also highlight the diagnosis and treatment of osteosarcoma.
So, we have now highlighted the potential causes of osteosarcoma and symptoms of osteosarcoma. You must keep these things in mind and also share this trivial information with others as well. For more health and beauty-related tips, follow this section closely.