Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder: Diagnosis and Treatment


Obsessive-compulsive disorder is a repetitive behavior which brings fear and anxiety along with it. It makes a person perform certain things repeatedly. There are obsessions and compulsions which may interfere in your daily tasks and activities. You cannot live like a normal human being with this disorder. It will make your life embarrassing and shameful as you will do things which are not in your hands. However, treatment is available which can have adversely positive effects. We are here to discuss the diagnosis and treatment of obsessive compulsion disorder.

Diagnosis of obsessive-compulsive disorder

There are some probable steps to diagnose obsessive-compulsive disorder:

  • Physical exam:

This may be done to help rule out other problems that could be causing symptoms and to check any related complications.

  • Lab tests:

These may include, for example, a complete blood count, a proper thyroid function test, and screening for alcohol and drugs.

  • Physiological evaluation:

This includes discussing your thoughts, feelings, symptoms, and other behavior patterns.

  • Diagnostic criteria for OCD:

You doctor may use criteria in the diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders, published by the American Psychiatric Association.

These are some of the tests to diagnose obsessive-compulsive disorder.

Treatment of obsessive-compulsive disorder:

Obsessive-compulsive disorder may have various treatment options which may help you to control your symptoms. It may not cure your disease fully but still can do a little help. Most of the most effective treatments include:

  1. Psychotherapy:

This type of therapy will help you to cope with the anxiety of certain things. In this, you will be exposed to dirt and other things which you are afraid of.

  1. Medications:

Certain medications will help you to cope with the symptoms of OCD. Some of the medications include:

  • Clomipramine
  • Fluoxetine
  • Fluvoxamine
  • Paroxetine
  • Sertraline

Apart from this, your doctor may also recommend you certain antidepressants and psychiatric medications.

There are some issues also which you must discuss with your doctor for OCD:

  • Choosing the right medication
  • Side effects
  • Suicidal risk
  • Interactions with other substances
  • Stopping antidepressants

You must ask your doctor before taking any medications as it may increase the risk of your life.

These are the treatment options for obsessive-compulsive disorder.

In this section, we have discussed the diagnosis and treatment of an obsessive-compulsive disorder. Stay alert about this disease to protect yourself from the one. For more health and beauty-related tips, follow this section closely.