Enlarged Prostate: Diagnosis and Treatment of Enlarged Prostate


The prostate is a gland that produces the fluid that carries sperms during ejaculation. The prostate gland surrounds the urethra, the tube through which urine passes out of the body. An enlarged prostate means that the gland is growing bigger and bigger. It can affect any man who is moving towards his ‘60s. The medical term used to refer to an enlarged prostate is called benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). We are here to discuss the diagnosis and treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia or BPH. Let’s get started:

Diagnosis of enlarged prostate:

Your doctor may recommend some tests to assure whether you are suffering from an enlarged prostate or not. Let’s start discussing those tests in this section:

  1. Digital rectal exam
  2. Urine test
  3. Blood test
  4. The Prostate-specific antigen blood test
  5. Urinary flow test
  6. Postvoid residual volume test
  7. 24-hour voiding diary
  8. Transrectal ultrasound
  9. Prostate biopsy
  10. Urodynamic and pressure-flow diaries
  11. Cystoscopy

These are some of the tests and diagnosis for an enlarged prostate which your doctor may recommend to know whether you are captivated by such stubborn disease or not.

Treatment of enlarged prostate:

A wide variety of treatments including medications, surgery, and other methods are often recommended for the problem of an enlarged prostate.

Some of the factors on which the type of treatment of enlarged prostate depends are:

  • The size of the prostate
  • Your age
  • Your overall health
  • The amount of discomfort or bother which you are experiencing

Medications for an enlarged prostate include:

  • Alpha-blockers
  • 5 alpha-reductase inhibitors
  • Combination drug therapy
  • Tadalafil

Surgical therapies include:

  • Transurethral resection of the prostate
  • Transurethral incision of the prostate
  • Transurethral microwave thermotherapy
  • Transurethral needle ablation
  • Laser therapy: The options for laser therapy include:
  1. a) Ablative procedures
  2. b) Enucleative procedures
  • Prostatic urethral lift
  • Embolization
  • Open or robot-assisted prostatectomy
  • Follow-up care
  • Supportive care

These are some of the useful and essential treatments for enlarged prostate required to treat enlarged prostate accurately and precisely.

In this section, we have highlighted the diagnosis and treatment of an enlarged prostate. You must stay alert about the necessary details of such a painful disease like this. For more health and beauty-related tips, Follow this section closely.