Dysentery is the intestinal inflammation, primarily in the colon. It is often related to outcomes like diarrhea and vomiting. It can lead from just mild to highly severe. Adequate hydration is sometimes enough to treat this disease. We are here to discuss the diagnosis, treatment, and complications of dysentery.
Diagnosis Of Dysentery
The doctor will ask the patient about the signs and symptoms of the physical condition of the patient. If the person has recently returned from the tropical region, then stool sample of the respective person may be requested. If the person is highly severe with the symptoms then diagnostic imaging like an ultrasound or endoscopy may be recommended.
This is how dysentery can be diagnosed.
Treatment Of Dysentery
Laboratory results will declare whether the infection is caused by Shigella or Entamoeba Histolyca.
If the patient is suffering from diarrhea or vomiting then drinking plenty of fluids may be recommended. However, if the person is suffering from severe diarrhea then intravenous fluids may be recommended.
Treatment for mild bacillary dysentery
Mild bacillary dysentery can be easily treated with good proper sanitation facilities. However, drinking plenty of fluids is always recommended. In severe conditions, antibiotics are preferable.
Treatment For Amoebic Dysentery
Amoebicidal medications are used to treat entamoeba histolyca. This makes sure that the organism will not survive inside the patient’s body after the symptoms have been resolved.
Flagyl, or metronidazole, is often used to treat dysentery. It treats both bacteria and parasites. If laboratory results are unclear, the patient may be given a combination of antibiotic and amoebicidal medications. It depends on the severity of the underlying condition.
This is how dysentery is treated using different mechanisms.
Complications Of Dysentery
Doctors say that complications of dysentery are few but they are quite severe. Some of the basic complications include:
- Dehydration: Frequent diarrhea and vomiting can lead to dehydration. In the case of children and infants, this can be seriously life-threatening.
- Liver abscess: If amoebae spread to the liver, an abscess can develop there.
- Postinfectious arthritis: Joint pain may occur after the infection. It can be extremely painful.
- Hemolytic uremic syndrome: Shigella dysenteriae can cause the red blood cells to block the entrance to the kidneys, leading to anemia, low platelet count, and kidney failure.
These are some of the fatal complications of dysentery.
In this section, we have now discussed the diagnosis, treatment, and complications of dysentery. Our motive was to make you aware and alert about this serious disease. For more health and beauty-related tips, follow this section closely.