Chickenpox is an infection caused by Varicella-zoster virus. It causes an itchy rash with small fluid-filled blisters. Chickenpox is highly contagious to the people who haven’t had the disease or been vaccinated against it. Today, a vaccine is available that protect children against chickenpox. Routine vaccination is recommended by centers for disease control and prevention. The chickenpox vaccine is highly safe and effective. This does not have any side-effect on the health of an affected individual. We are here to put a ray of light on the causes and symptoms of chickenpox. Let’s get started:
Causes Of Chickenpox
The Chickenpox virus is mainly caused by a virus known as a varicella-zoster virus. It can spread through direct contact with the rash. It can also be spread when a person with the chickenpox coughs or sneezes and you inhale the air droplets.
People who had never been infected with chickenpox or vaccinated against chickenpox are highly immune to the disease. If you have been vaccinated and still get chickenpox then the symptoms are milder with fewer blisters or no fever. A few people can get chickenpox more than once but this is very rare.
These are the probable causes of chickenpox.
Symptoms Of Chickenpox
The rashes on the skin can appear after 21 days of the infecting virus and can be left for approximately 10 days. There are other signs and symptoms also, such as:
- Loss of appetite
- Tiredness and a general feeling of being unwell
Once the chickenpox rash appears, it goes through 3 phases:
- Raised pink or red bumps, which break out over several days
- Small fluid-filled blisters, which form in about one day and then they break and leak
- Crusts and scabs, which cover the broken blisters and take several more days to heal
New bumps continue to appear for several days, so you may have all three stages of the rash-bumps, blisters, and scabbed lesions. You can spread the virus to people for up to 48 hours before the rash appears, and the virus remains contagious until all broken blisters have crusted over. The disease is generally mild in healthy children. In the most severe cases, the rashes can cover the whole body and lesions may form in the throat, eyes, and mucous membranes of the urethra, anus and vagina.
These are the signs and symptoms of chickenpox.
We hope that now you are all clear about the causes and symptoms of chickenpox. For more health and beauty-related tips, follow this section closely.