Leprosy: Causes, Symptoms, & Treatment

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Leprosy: Causes, Symptoms, & Treatment

Leprosy is a bacterial infection which grows very slowly and can have severe health complications. It mainly attacks the nervous system causing disfigurement. It is basically caused by Mycobacterium Lepromatosis. Severely affected individuals transmit itself through the droplets of mouth or nose. Lepromatosis multiply very slowly. Although leprosy has been eliminated in many countries. However, in some countries, leprosy is able to transmit to other people before it is detected, making it difficult to control the spread of the disease effectively. In this section, we are here to highlight the symptoms and treatment of leprosy. It is further assisted by the treatment of leprosy.

Symptoms of Leprosy

The main signs and symptoms of leprosy include:

  • The appearance of skin lesions lighter than normal skin color
  • Patches on the skin with decreased sensation
  • Muscle weakness
  • Numbness in hands, feet, legs, and arms
  • Eye problems
  • Enlarged nerves, especially in elbows or knees
  • Stuffy nose and nosebleeds
  • Curling of finger and thumb, caused by paralysis of small muscles in the hand
  • Ulcers of the soles of the feet
  • Injuries, breaks, and burns

Leprosy can destroy the nerves responsible for thinking. This can lead to eyes becoming dried out and prone to the infection, potentially resulting in ulceration and blindness.

These are some of the major signs and symptoms of leprosy.

Treatment of Leprosy

Treatment of leprosy consists of a multidrug therapy which lasts between 6 to 12 months. The first drug used was dapsone, in 1946. Later on, some other drugs were discovered such as rifampicin and clofazimine.

Today, all 3 drugs can be given in combination, depending on the severity of the illness. This kills the M. leprae and cures the patient.

The side-effects of leprosy are rare but can be seen often:

  • Dapsone can lead to anemia
  • Rifampicin can trigger abnormal liver tests that clear up after the drug is stopped.
  • Clofazimine can cause slight darkening of the skin but can return to its normal once the treatment has stopped.

These are the probable treatments of leprosy.

Prevention of Leprosy

The best and hypothetical ways to prevent leprosy is the prior recognition and treatment of leprosy in people who have adapted leprosy once transmitted by others.

However, due to improper education, knowledge and alert about leprosy leads to incomplete eradication of this disease in many parts of the world.

We will provide some relevant tips to promote preventive tips for leprosy:

  • Providing education self-care support
  • Monitoring the condition and its symptoms on an on-going basis and referring severe cases
  • Managing day-to-day injuries and disabilities that develop
  • Educate local people about injury prevention and wound cleaning

A report suggests that enormous progress has been made but scientific and humanitarian education programs must continue to work together unanimously to minimize and eventually remove leprosy from the human experience.

Here, we have put a bright light on the symptoms and treatment of leprosy. Side by side we have also discussed the prevention of leprosy tips. For more health and beauty-related tips, follow this section closely.