Leukemia: Causes, Symptoms, & Treatment

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Leukemia: Causes, Symptoms, & Treatment

Leukemia is a cancer of body blood’s forming tissues, including the bone marrow and lymphatic system. There are several types of leukemia. Most of the children are affected by one type of leukemia. Most of the adults are affected by the second type of leukemia. Leukemia is mostly associated with white blood cells, which normally have the ability to fight against foreign substances and they are divided in an ordered manner. A person affected with leukemia does not have the ability to produce and divide white cells normally. Treatment for leukemia can be complex depending on the severity of the disease. But doctors say that there are resources and strategies to make your leukemia treatment successful.

We are here to emphasize your focus on the causes and symptoms of leukemia as well as on the treatment of leukemia.

Causes of Leukemia

Leukemia is still not fully understood, it is often considered as the combination of genetic and environmental factors.

Doctors say that it happens as a result of a mutation in the DNA-which divides the action of each cell in the body. There are other factors too which can contribute to leukemia but they are still in disguise.

Certain abnormalities can cause the cells in the body to form and divide rapidly than the normal cells would probably do. These abnormal cells overcrowd themselves in the bone marrow leaving normal red and white blood cells in minimal amount. This situation causes the signs and symptoms of leukemia to appear in an individual.

This is the most probable and certain cause of leukemia.

Symptoms of Leukemia

Symptoms and signs of leukemia mostly depend on the severity of leukemia but there are some other signs and symptoms as well which are common in all the cases:

  • Fever or chills
  • Persistent fatigue
  • Weakness
  • Frequent or severe infections
  • Losing weight without trying
  • Swollen lymph nodes, enlarged liver, or spleen
  • Easy bleeding or bruising
  • Recurrent nosebleeds
  • Tiny red spots on the skin
  • Excessive sweating, especially at night
  • Bone pain or tenderness

These are some common symptoms of leukemia.

Treatment of Leukemia

As we have discussed, there are different types of leukemia and they can harm people in different ways depending on a person’s overall health and age.

Progress in medicine means a treatment which can evade the symptoms of leukemia at least after 5 years of developing it.

Chemotherapy is the most common treatment for treating leukemia cancer.

If treatment starts early, the chance of remission is higher.

Some common treatments for leukemia include:

  • Targeted therapy
  • Interferon therapy
  • Chemotherapy
  • Radiation therapy
  • Surgery
  • Stem cell transplantation

Chemotherapy can affect the whole body whereas targeted therapy only leaves an impact on the area where cancer resides.

For a type of leukemia, chronic myeloid leukemia, a bone marrow transplant is essential. Younger patients are most likely to go transplantation surgery successfully.

Here, we highlighted the causes and symptoms of leukemia along with the treatment of leukemia as well. For more health and beauty-related tips, follow this section closely.