The Flu (influenza): Causes, Symptoms, & Treatment

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The Flu (influenza): Causes, Symptoms, & Treatment

The flu or influenza is a very deadly respiratory virus that affects the nose, throat, bronchi, and the lungs. Doctors claim that there are different types of influenza viruses and they can even evolve and alter themselves from year to year. Majority of the people get rid of the flu just within a few days and others might face serious health complications. In a survey, it is seen that globally 5-10 percent of adults get affected by the flu whereas 15-20 percent of children get affected by it. We are here to make you look at the causes and symptoms of influenza assisted by the treatment of influenza as well.

Causes of Influenza

Although there are a number of influenza viruses. The three main viruses that cause illness in humans are categorized as:

  • Influenza virus A
  • Influenza virus B
  • Influenza virus c

Influenza virus A and B cause serious seasonal epidemics in winters in many parts of the world whereas influenza virus C causes only mild respiratory problems without being a deadly one.

Doctors and researchers take strains of both virus A and virus B for classification.

Influenza viruses are extremely deadly and contagious they can spread from one person to another via the droplets that come out while coughing and sneezing. In 2018, it was confirmed that it can also be spread through breathing via small air particles called aerosols. In a study, it was also found that infectious particles can travel up to six feet when exhaled by a sick person.

Symptoms of Influenza

The symptoms of cold and flu can sometimes be very confusing as they have a lot in common although symptoms of influenza are somewhere severe than that of cold. For example, in flu, a person might develop fever whereas in cold this happens very rarely.

There are some other symptoms of influenza also. Let us discuss them:

  • Headaches
  • Aching muscles, especially in your back, arms, and legs
  • Fever
  • Sweats
  • Chills
  • Sore throat
  • Dry and persistent cough
  • Weakness
  • Nasal congestion

There are some emergency symptoms as well for both adults and children.

Emergency symptoms in adults include:

  • Difficulty breathing
  • Chest or abdominal pain
  • Sudden dizziness
  • Confusion
  • Severe or persistent vomiting
  • Swelling in mouth or throat

Emergency symptoms in children include:

  • Fast breathing or trouble breathing
  • Bluish skin color
  • Not drinking enough fluids
  • Not waking up or interacting
  • Being irritable
  • Fever with a rash

Treatment of Influenza

In most cases, a person suffering from influenza gets recovered within one or two weeks, they just need to take good care of themselves. Painkillers such as ibuprofen and aspirin may reduce fever when dealing with influenza. Decongestant cough syrups and drops may also help in easing the symptoms.

Certain people may be hospitalized if dealing with serious flu symptoms. Death can also be a great risk if a person is at a serious stage of influenza or is above 65 of age or below 10 years of age.

Here, we hope we were successful in imparting such trivial information about the causes and symptoms of influenza along with the treatment of influenza as well. For more health and beauty-related tips, follow this section closely.