Gout: Causes, Symptoms, & Treatment

Gout: Causes, Symptoms, & Treatment

Gout is just another form of a complex and severe form of arthritis. It can be easily characterized by sudden, severe attacks of pain, swelling, redness, and tenderness in the joints, often the joint at the base of the leg. An attack of gout can occur just suddenly even if in the middle of the night. You can just wake up with the burning sensation in the toe of the foot. The affected joint remains so hot, swollen, and so tender that weight of the sheet on the top can even be intolerable. Gout symptoms are not permanent but there are prevention and treatment tips to reduce the inflammation of the toe and the flares. We are here to make you realize about the causes, symptoms, and risk factors of gout along with the treatment and prevention of gout as well.

Causes of Gout

Gout is usually formed when urate crystals accumulate in the joints. It is a result of a high level of uric acid in your body.

Your body produces uric acid when purine, a naturally occurring complex in your body breaks down.

Normally, uric acid normally passes through your kidneys into the urine. But sometimes your body produces too much uric acid or your kidneys are incapable of excreting out urine. This condition can result in excess uric acid and this further causes inflammation and redness in the joints.

Purine-containing foods are steak, organ meats, and seafood. Other foods also encourage uric acid levels such as alcoholic beverages, beer, and drinks sweetened with extra sugar.

Symptoms of Gout

Symptoms and signs of gout just occur instantly and most often at night. Such as:

  • Intense joint pain
  • Lingering discomfort
  • Inflammation and redness
  • Limited range of motion

These are some signs and symptoms of gout.

Risk Factors of Gout

There are some risk factors which can increase the chances of gout:

  • Diet
  • Obesity
  • Medical conditions
  • Certain medications
  • Family history of gout
  • Age
  • Sex
  • Recent surgery or trauma

These are some of the risk factors of gout.

Treatment of Gout

  • The majority of gout cases are treated with medications. Medication can be used to treat gout symptoms, attacks, and flares.
  • Commonly used medications include non-steroidal and anti-inflammatory drugs like chochinine, or corticosteroids. These causes affect by decreasing the pain and inflammation of gout.
  • Medications can also be used to either reduce the production of uric acid or increasing the ability of kidneys to excrete out the excess uric acid.
  • Without treatment, a person’s condition can worsen within 12-24 hours. But a person can recover within 1-2 weeks after the pain started.

Prevention of Gout

Gout can be prevented by following some simple tips:

  • Drink plenty of fluids
  • Limit or avoid alcohol
  • Get your protein from low-fat products
  • Limit your intake of meat, fish, and poultry
  • Maintain a desirable body weight
  • Eat a balanced diet

These are the causes, symptoms, and risk factors of gout. This is further accompanied by the treatment and the prevention of gout. For more health and beauty-related tips, follow this section closely.