Kidney Stones: Causes, Symptoms, & Treatment

Kidney Stones: Causes, Symptom, & Treatment

Kidney stones are hard deposits of minerals and salts that form inside your kidneys. Kidney stones can cause an effect on your kidneys as well as on your bladder. Often, kidney stones form when urine becomes concentrated making stones crystallized and to stick together. If you try to pass kidney stones through your urinary tract, it can be very painful. Kidney stones cause no permanent damage to your kidneys and can be treated using some preventive tips. Your doctor may recommend you to drink lots of water or medications. If the stones become lodged in your urinary tract if will require surgery. We are here to discuss the causes, symptoms, risk factors of kidney stones along with the treatment and prevention of kidney stones.

Causes of Kidney Stones

Kidney stones do not have a single and a definite cause but some factors may increase the development of the stones in your kidney.

Kidney stones form when urine contains more crystal-forming substances like calcium, oxalate, and uric acid than the fluids which your urine can dilute. At the same time, your urine lacks the element which prevents the crystal from sticking together, creating a room for kidney stones to form.

Symptoms of Kidney Stones

A kidney stone may start troubling you when it reaches the urinary bladder. The symptoms you experience at that time are:

  • Severe pain the sides and back
  • Pain that radiates to the lower abdomen
  • Pain that comes in waves
  • Pain on urination
  • Pink, red or brown on urination
  • Cloudy or foul-smelling urine
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Persistent need to urinate
  • Fever and chills in an infection
  • Urinating small amounts
  • Urinating more often than usual

These are some of the symptoms of kidney stones.

Risk Factors of Kidney Stones

Factors which can sum up to the increased risk of kidney stones include:

  • Family or personal history
  • Dehydration
  • Certain diets
  • Being obese
  • Digestive diseases and surgery
  • Other medical conditions

Treatment of Kidney Stones

  • Treating kidney stones is primarily focused on symptom management. If a person has a history of kidney stone then home treatment can be suitable.
  • Individuals who have never passed a kidney stone must speak to a doctor. If there is a need for one to be hospitalized, then he/she may be treated via intravenous tube and anti-inflammatory medication may also be recommended.
  • Doctors sometimes switch to narcotics to make the kidney stones pain bearable. Antiemetic medications are prescribed to people showing signs of vomiting and nausea.
  • People having large kidney stones are referred for surgical treatment, such as removal of stone via an incision in the back or inserting a thin tube into the urethra.

Prevention of Kidney Stones

  • Individuals who have good health can maintain a good life by staying hydrated and maintaining a healthy diet.
  • For people who are at higher risk of developing kidney stones, doctors may recommend medications.

We have highlighted the causes, symptoms, and risk factors of kidney stones. We have also put a light on the treatment and prevention of kidney stones. For more health and beauty-related tips, follow this section closely.