Dengue: Causes, Symptoms, Prevention, & Treatment

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Dengue: Causes, Symptoms, Prevention, & Treatment

Dengue is a mosquito-borne disease which basically resides in the tropical and subtropical parts of the world. Initially, dengue in its lower stage shows the symptoms like fever, rashes, muscle, and joint pain. When dengue becomes severe, also known as dengue hemorrhagic fever can cause severe bleeding, dropping of blood pressure, and even death. Millions of cases of dengue are reported every year in many parts of the world. Dengue fever is most common in Southeast Asia and the Pacific islands. Researchers and scientists are working on the vaccinations of dengue but for now, staying away from mosquitoes habitat of dengue can save you from dengue. We are here to help you make aware of the causes, symptoms, and prevention of dengue. Along with it, we will also discuss the treatment of dengue.

Causes Of Dengue

Dengue fever can be caused by any one of the four viruses spread by mosquitoes that thrive near human beings. When a mosquito bites an infected person it becomes a carrier of that deadly virus. When it bites a person it leaves the virus flowing in the bloodstream of that individual.

After you get recovered from dengue you develop immunity against it but you can still develop dengue from other 3 types of viruses. The chances of getting infected by other viruses increase if you have been infected 2-3 times by a virus already.

Symptoms Of Dengue

Many people recover within a week. In some cases, the symptoms can worsen and become life-threatening. Blood vessels often become damaged and leaky. Platelets can decrease rapidly and can take the form of severe dengue hemorrhagic fever.

There are various signs and symptoms of dengue hemorrhagic fever:

  • Severe abdominal pain
  • Persistent vomiting
  • Bleeding from your gums or nose
  • Blood in stool, urine or vomit
  • Bleeding under the skin, which might look like bruising
  • Difficult or rapid breathing
  • Cold or clammy skin
  • Fatigue
  • Irritability or restlessness

Prevention Of Dengue

If you live in a dengue-prone area, then you must follow these simple tips:

  • Stay in air-conditioned or well-screened housing
  • Wear protective clothing
  • Use mosquito repellent
  • Reduce mosquito habitat

Treatment Of Dengue

Doctors say that dengue is a virus so there is no particular treatment. However, an intervention can help, depending on the severity of the disease.

Mild treatment includes:

  • Preventing dehydrationVomiting and high fever can dehydrate your body. Drink plenty of fluids to keep yourself hydrated.
  • PainkillersDrugs like Tylenol or paracetamol, this can lower pain.

Most severe forms of dengue include:

  • Intravenous fluid supplementation or drip, if a person cannot intake on its own.
  • Blood transfusion, for people with severe dehydration.

Hospitalization gets must if the symptoms get worse.

In this particular section, we discussed the causes, symptoms of dengue, and prevention of dengue. To treat and get rid of such disease we have also provided treatment of dengue tips. For more health and beauty-related tips, follow this section closely.