Ovarian cysts are fluid-filled sacs or pockets in an ovary on its surface. Ovaries possess the shape and size of an almond and are present in both the sides of the uterus. Ovaries release eggs (unfertilized) in the childbearing years during the monthly cycles. Women often develop ovarian cysts once in a lifetime. Many ovarian cysts do no harm or little harm to your overall health. Many cysts disappear automatically in few months. However, some cysts which are ruptured may cause some serious problems. In this section, we will discuss the causes, symptoms, and risk factors of ovarian cysts. This will further be assisted by treatment of ovarian cysts.
Causes of Ovarian Cysts
Many ovarian cysts develop as a result of the menstrual cycle and others are less common compared to this.
Ovaries naturally grow cyst-like structures called follicles. Follicles produce hormones estrogen and progesterone and release an egg when ovulate. If a normal follicle keeps on growing it forms functional cysts. There are 2 types of functional cysts:
Normally, in the mid of a month follicles rupture and releases an egg which travels down the fallopian tube. In the case of follicular cysts, the follicle does not rupture and ultimately, grows and forms follicular cysts.
Corpus luteum cysts
When a follicle releases an egg it begins producing estrogen and progesterone for conception. This follicle is now called corpus luteum. Sometimes, fluid accumulates inside the follicle, causing the corpus luteum to grow into a cyst.
These are types of cysts and their probable causes to develop.
Symptoms of Ovarian Cysts
Most of the cysts do not cause any symptom and vanish away on their own. Sometimes, a larger cyst can cause:
- Pelvic pain- a dull or sharp ache in the lower abdomen in the side of the cyst.
- Fullness or heaviness in the abdomen
- Sudden abdominal or pelvic pain
- Pain with fever or vomiting
- Clammy skin
- Rapid breathing
- Lightheadedness or weakness
If you can encounter any of these symptoms or signs then you must go and visit a doctor as soon as possible.
Risk Factors of Ovarian Cysts
Developing risk of ovarian cysts can be escalated by:
- Hormonal problems
- A severe pelvic infection
- A previous ovarian cyst
These are some of the factors which can increase the risk of developing an ovarian cyst.
Treatment of Ovarian Cysts
Treatment will depend on:
- Age of person
- Whether they have gone menopause or not
- The size and appearance of the cyst
- Whether there are any symptoms or not
Some of the treatments include:
- Birth control pills
- Surgery: There are basically 2 types of surgeries:-
- laparoscopy, or keyhole surgery
- Cancer treatment (if the cyst is cancerous in nature)
Here, we highlighted the causes, symptoms, and risk factors of ovarian cysts. To provide you with the best possible solutions we have also put a light on the treatment of ovarian cysts. For more health and beauty-related tips, follow this section closely.