Night Blindness: Causes, Symptoms, & Treatment

Night Blindness: Causes, Symptoms, & Treatment

Night blindness is also known as nyctalopia, is a condition in which your eyes are unable to adapt to the low-light situation such as at night. Night blindness is not a disease itself but is a result of an existing eye disorder. Night blindness only affects a person’s ability to see in dim light. It does not cause complete blindness but only a problem which prevents your eyes from getting settled in the dark environment. It may create problems like seeing traffic signs while driving at the road. It may take longer time than usual from the eye to adapt when going from light to a dark environment. In this article, we are going to discuss the causes and symptoms of night blindness along with the treatment of night blindness.

Causes of Night Blindness

There are many probable reasons for night blindness:

  • Glaucoma

It refers to a group of eye conditions where damage to the optic nerve, which connects the eye to the brain, causing pressure in the eyes.

  • Cataracts

It occurs when the lens of eyes become cloudy. This happens when proteins in the eyes break down, usually due to aging.

  • Nearsightedness

It is also called myopia in which people are unable to see the nearby objects clearly.

  • Vitamin A deficiency

Vitamin A or retinol, is very essential for vision. It makes up a protein that absorbs light in the retina and supports eye functioning.

  • Retinitis pigmentosa

These are some of the causes of night blindness.

Symptoms of Night Blindness

Night blindness is a result of an underlying eye disorder which makes a person unable to see in dim light.

Some of the signs and symptoms of night blindness include:

  • Difficulty in moving at night
  • Difficulty in driving at night
  • Difficulty in recognizing faces at night
  • Difficulty in adapting low light after being in a lighter environment
  • Difficulty in adjusting in dark after being in the light
  • Headaches
  • Eye pain
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Blurry or cloudy vision
  • Sensitivity to light
  • Difficulty seeing into the distance

These are the major signs and symptoms of night blindness

Treatment of Night Blindness

  1. Treatment of night blindness will depend on the cause behind night blindness. Sometimes, wearing contact lenses or specific sunglasses are necessary to correct your vision.
  2. Wearing sunglasses can protect your eyes from getting damaged from ultraviolet rays.
  3. You can increase your intake of Vitamin A to improve your vision. Some good sources of Vitamin A include:
  • Eggs
  • Fortified cereals
  • Fortified milk
  • Orange and yellow vegetables and fruits
  • Cod liver oil
  • Dark, green leafy vegetables
  1. In some of the most severe cases, eye surgery may be effective. For example, LASIK is a type of surgery which improves cornea to treat vision.
  2. In some cases, night blindness is not treatable. Retinitis pigmentosa currently has no effective treatment. You can also take some necessary preventive tips to treat night blindness, for example, not driving at night.

These are some of the causes and symptoms of night blindness. We have also tried to provide treatment of night blindness to avoid this problem. For more health and beauty-related tips, follow this section closely.